Swimming Pool Enclosures and Safety
Public Swimming Pools. Public
swimming pools shall be completely enclosed by a fence or screen enclosure at least five feet
(1524 mm) in height. Openings in the fence or screen enclosure shall not permit the passage of a
four-inch-diameter (102 mm) sphere. The fence or screen enclosure shall be equipped with self-closing and
Residential Swimming Pools. Residential
swimming pools on a lot with one to three dwelling units shall comply with Section
91.3109.4.1 and CBC Sections 318.104.22.168 through 322.214.171.124.
EXCEPTION: A swimming pool with a power safety cover or a spa with a safety cover complying with ASTM F
Barrier Height and Clearances. For
residential swimming pools, the top of the barrier shall be at least 60 inches (1524 mm)
above grade measured on the side of the barrier that faces away from the swimming pool.
The maximum vertical clearance between grade and the bottom of the barrier shall be two inches (51 mm) measured on
the side of the barrier that faces away from the swimming pool. Where the top of the
pool structure is above grade, the barrier is permitted to be mounted on top of the
pool structure, provided the maximum vertical clearance between the top of the pool structure and the bottom of the barrier shall be four inches (102 mm), or at grade
Pools and Other Bodies of Water – Protective Devices Required
(a) Fences. Every
swimming pool, fish pond or other body of water, which contains water 18 inches or more in
depth, shall be enclosed by a fence, the height of which, including gates, shall be not less than four and
one-half feet above the ground. Gates shall be self-latching with the latch located four and one-half feet
minimum above the ground. However, for new swimming pool or spas, the height and
construction of the fence and gate shall comply with the requirements of Division 31, whichever is more
restrictive and provide greater safety.
Where the ground surface on the side of the fence away from the body of water slopes upward, four and
one-half feet clearance shall be maintained between the fence and the face of the slope.
In lieu of maintaining a fence, the owner may provide a competent person who shall keep the pool under observation at all times while water is kept in the pool.
provisions of this section shall not apply to oceans, lakes, rivers, streams and similar bodies of water, which
are publicly owned over which the State of California of the City or County of Los Angeles has control and
(b) Existing Body of
provisions of this section shall also apply to all existing bodies of water.
The recirculation and purification system of any swimming pool, fishpond, or any
other body of water which is required to be fenced by Section 91.6109.1, shall be operated and maintained to
keep the water in such pool or other body of water clean and of reasonable
In order to define reasonable clarity of the water in such pool, pond, or body of
water, the following standard shall be applied:
A painted black disk, 6 inches in diameter on a 12-inch by 12-inch white tile, placed at the bottom of the
pool at its deepest point, shall be clearly visible from the sidewalks around the pool from all distances up to 10 yards from such disk, or the water is determined to not be of